Nome popular: Arruda.

Nome científico: Ruta graveolens L.

Família: Rutaceae.

Origem: Europa Meridional.

Propriedades: Adstringente, analgésica (reduz a dor), antiasmática, antiepiléptica, antiespasmódica (reduz contrações musculares involuntárias), anti-helmíntica (elimina vermes), anti-histérica, antiinflamatória, antinevrálgica (redução de dores do sistema nervoso), bactericida (mata bactérias), calmante, carminativa (eliminador de gases intestinais), cicatrizante.

Características: Subarbusto perene, rizomatoso. Cultivada em várias regiões do mundo como planta medicinal e tradicional. Desde a mais remota antiguidade a arruda foi tida na Europa e África com planta mágica (na superstição), usada em rituais de proteção do homem, especialmente crianças, contra o mau-olhado, defesa contra doenças e para a realização de sonhos e desejos. Ainda hoje muitas dessas superstições são mantidas no Brasil. A planta toda exala um forte cheiro, gerado pela presença de seu óleo essencial.

Parte usada: Folhas.

Usos: A literatura etnofarmacológica cita seu uso em medicina popular na forma de chá como medicação caseira no tratamento de desordens menstruais, inflamações na pele, dor de ouvido, dor de dente, febre, câimbras, doenças do fígado, verminose e como abortivo. Segundo estudos farmacológicos, esta planta tem atividades anti-helmíntica (elimina vermes intestinais), febrífuga (antifebril), emenagoga (que provoca menstruação) e abortiva.

Forma de uso / dosagem indicada: Pelo menos 2 de suas preparações caseiras são aceitas pela medicina oficial, e o sumo (líquido extraído) obtido por pressionamento das folhas. O chá por infusão no tratamento da menstruação atrasada é preparado adicionando-se água fervente a uma xícara das de chá contendo uma colher das de café das folhas picadas e usado na dose de duas xícaras por dia. O sumo é empregado para aliviar a dor de ouvido, colocando-se 2 a 3 gotas no ouvido doloroso. O emprego desta planta, tanto por via oral, quanto por via tópica (externa), deve ser feita com muita cautela, devido ao seu efeito tóxico sobre o útero, podendo provocar hemorragias, além de quando sobre a pele, provocar queimaduras severas quando a pele é exposta ao sol.

Cuidados: Pode possuir ação hemorrágica devido à suas propriedades emenagógicas (que provoca menstruação), induzindo às vezes ao aborto.

  

Tags:
Categories: Flores

71 Comments

Como Cuidar de Arruda

  1. Gostei da matéria parabéns, é importante estar bem informada, este tipo de matéria enriquece o nosso conhecimento, a saúde e o bem estar agradecem, acabo de tomar um otimo cha.

  2. Gostei de saber sobre a arruda, porém
    o que eu mais queria é saber como cuidar
    da planta pois a minha não vai pra frente
    e quero saber se estou errando no adubo,
    na água ou na exposição ao sol ou sombra.

  3. Gostei das informa;óes recebidas,preciso saber como cuidar para que náo morram,pois todas que comprei morreram.Aguardando resposta.
    grata pela aten;áo.
    Roxane.

  4. Gostei das informações, mas em nenhum momento explica como cuidar da planta, que aliás, é o titulo do link… Então: alguém sabe como manter uma arruda viva e saudável? Como tratá-la em vaso e em jardim?

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