Nome popular: Hortelã, Hortelã-rasteira

Nome científico: Mentha x villosa

Família:Labiatae (Lamiaceae)

Origem: Europa.

Propriedades: espasmolítica (reduz contrações musculares involuntárias), antivomitiva (evita vômitos), carminativa (eliminador de gases intestinais), estomáquica (favorece a digestão), e anti-helmíntica (elimina vermes intestinais), por via oral, bem como anti-séptica (contenção de microrganismos) e anti-prurido (redução da coceira), por via local.

Características: Erva perene, de 30 a 40 cm de altura, com folhas que possuem aroma forte e característico. Tem grande importância medicinal e social, por sua alçao contra microparasitas intestinais, recentemente descoberta. Há muitas espécies de hortelã parecidas, dificultando a escolha da planta certa para fins medicinais, exigindo a obtenção das mudas em locais de confiança.

Desde a mais remota antiguidade, essa e outras plantas são utilizadas como condimento em massas e carnes, bem como para fins medicinais.

Parte usada: Folhas

Usos: A literatura etnofarmacológica registra como suas propriedades as ações: espamolítica, antivomitiva (evita vômitos), carminativa (eliminador de gases intestinais), estomáquica (favorece a digestão), e anti-helmíntica (elimina vermes intestinais), por via oral, bem como anti-séptica (contenção de microrganismos) e anti-prurido (redução da coceira), por via local.

Forma de uso / dosagem indicada: O tratamento contra ameba e giárdia pode ser feito com o pó das folhas em 3 doses diárias por 5 dias consecutivos.

O pó pode ser preparado a partir das folhas que são colhidas e postas a secar a sombra, em ambiente ventilado, ou na estufa do fogão ou no forno quente, porém apagado, até que fiquem bem secas e facilmente trituráveis. Crianças de cinco a treze anos devem tomar ¼ de colher (de café). Adolescentes e adultos podem tomar ½ colher (de café). O tratamento deve ser repetido após 10 dias, devendo-se observar durante e após ele, os cuidados de higiene pessoal e familiar.

Cultivo: No plantio inicial as plantas de desenvolvem bem em solos ricos em húmus e umidade. Pode ser multiplicada através de estaquia.

Tags:
Categories: Plantas

120 Comments

Como Cuidar de Hortelã

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