O aparecimento de lesões na boca é bastante comum e pode acometer qualquer pessoa, independente da idade. Felizmente, esse problema é autolimitado e totalmente reversível na maioria dos casos.

As feridas da boca mais comuns são a afta, a candidíase e o herpes labial, que apesar de terem tratamento simples, são responsáveis por causar grande desconforto ao indivíduo.

Normalmente essas feridas são muito dolorosas e causam grande incômodo, especialmente durante a alimentação. Tendem a desaparecer espontaneamente, sem a necessidade de nenhum tipo de tratamento.

O tratamento consiste basicamente no controle da dor, que pode ser feito com uso de medicação tópica, como elixir de lidocaína. Também está indicado o uso de anti-inflamatórios tópicos. Em casos de acometimento extenso deve ser avaliada a necessidade de uso de antibioticoterapia, para prevenir infecções secundárias.

  • Candidíase

É conhecida popularmente como “sapinho”, consistindo numa doença fúngica, causada pelaCandida albicans. O quadro clínico cursa com o surgimento de uma placa esbranquiçada na mucosa oral ou sobre a língua. Não é incomum a ocorrência desse tipo de problema como consequência da supressão do sistema imunológico.

– O tratamento é fundamentado no fortalecimento do sistema imune. Portanto, pode ser necessário suspender o uso de qualquer medicação imunossupressora ou tratar qualquer patologia de base que esteja causando o desequilíbrio imunológico.

  • Herpes

Doença viral causada pelo herpes simples e que cursa com o aparecimento súbito de vesículas, que podem se romper, liberando conteúdo seroso e originando uma ulceração. Pode afetar toda mucosa oral, incluindo palato, gengiva e língua, além da porção externa dos lábios (onde é mais comum). Costuma estar associada a prurido (coceira) local intenso, febre baixa e aumento dos linfonodos regionais.

Para tratar a herpes é necessário utilizar medicação capaz de controlar da dor e combater o vírus. É possível utilizar sprays de anestésicos ou até mesmo fazer uso de analgésico sistêmico. A utilização de antivirais por via oral acelera a recuperação e diminui as chances de recorrência, enquanto que as formulações tópicas impedem que a doença se espalhe para o tecido adjacente.

  • Aftas

O tratamento para combater a afta é muito individual, pois tem como objetivo amenizar a dor e o incomodo. Bicarbonato de sódio: serve para diminuir a dor, pois extingue as células nervosas responsáveis por ela. Faz a afta demorar ainda mais a desaparecer.

-O bicarbonato destrói os tecidos saudáveis da mucosa.
Lembre-se que você não vai achar nas farmácias nenhum remédio capaz de curar a afta, somente produtos que podem abrandar seus sintomas.

As feridas na boca são problemas comuns e que podem ser causadas por várias doenças, dentre as quais as mais frequentes são a afta, a candidíase e herpes labial. Vale a pena seguir as recomendações para combater esse tipo de problema, lembrando-se de procurar auxílio médico mediante persistência do quadro clínico.

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Como cuidar de feridas na boca

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